Assembly of the Øresund Fixed Link. Photo: Øresundsbron
Aimed at improving transport connections between Scandinavia and continental Europe and thereby strengthening cultural and economic co-operation, the link was designed to stimulate the development of a joint labour and housing market on each side of Øresund. Today, more than 10 million people cross the Øresund Fixed Link each year.
From 1991 to 2000, the Danish-Swedish Øresundsbro Konsortiet constructed the 16 km fixed link between Copenhagen in Denmark and Malmö in Sweden. The link consists of a four lane motorway and a double track electrified railway. The link consists of three parts; going from Denmark towards Sweden first a four km tunnel, a four km long artificial island and an eight km double deck bridge.
On these pages, you can read about the different construction techniques used during construction: Dredging by some of the world’s largest dredgers, tunnel element fabrication, and assembly of the tunnel and of the bridge etc.
Bridges vary. No tunnel is like any other tunnel. However, the basic constructing principles for a submerged tunnel and a bridge remain the same.